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New Remains of 3,300 Year Sun Temple Unearthed in Matareya

The Egyptian-German archaeological mission unearthed more remains during its excavation in Matareya.

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New Remains of 3,300 Year Sun Temple Unearthed in Matareya

An Egyptian-German archaeological mission between Egypt’s Supreme Council of Antiquities and the Leipzig University Museum has been working in the Matareya area since 2012, where they have studied the remains of a Sun Temple as well as a plethora of statues dating back to different eras of ancient Egyptian history.

As part of the excavation, the mission has recently uncovered more remains in the area surrounding the open-air Obelisk Museum from the western, northern, and southern sides of the ancient city, which was known as Heliopolis in ancient times.

The mission succeeded in finding a succession of white mortar floors and mud-brick buildings, which indicates the presence of a settlement during the Ptolemaic and Roman eras.

The mission also discovered a floor of limestone tiles along with a number of sarcophagi made from quartzite stone from the reign of King Horemheb, which dates back to 1300 BC, while others came from the time of King Psamtik II, between 595 and 589 BC.

The base of a statue of King Ramses II, alongside many parts of statues of King Ramses II in the form of a sphinx made of quartz stone, was unearthed as well. Additionally, a piece from the era of King Ramses IX was uncovered along with a piece of pink granite with huge inscriptions on it, which more likely belonged to the upper part of an obelisk. There were also parts of a royal statue whose owner has yet to be identified. However, its artistic features indicate that it may date back to the Middle Kingdom or the second intermediate period.